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A closed head injury is trauma to the head that does not cause a break in the skull. Though the skull is intact, the brain and soft tissue can be damaged by violent movem
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a deterioration of the brain. It is caused by the buildup of a protein called tau. The brain damage caused by CTE can lead to se
Penetrating brain injury is when an object enters the skull and harms the brain. It can hurt a small or large part of the brain. The injury is a threat to life. You will
Skull and facial fractures are broken bones of the head and face. Injury can result in damage to the brain. Types of skull fractures include: Facial fractures can occur
A concussion is an injury to your brain that causes problems with how the brain works. It can affect brain tasks like memory, balance, concentration, judgment, and coordi
A post-traumatic headache is a common symptom following injury or trauma to the head and neck.
Shaken baby syndrome is a group of symptoms in babies or small children. The symptoms are caused by injuries from a violent shaking or hit to the head. They may be tempor
Dysarthria is a speech disorder. It differs from aphasia , which is a language disorder.
A concussion is an injury to your brain. It causes problems with how it works. It can make memory, balance, thinking, and coordination hard. Postconcussion syndrome (PCS)
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are naturally occurring molecules (leucine, isoleucine, and valine) that the body uses to build proteins. The term "branched chain" ref
Parkinson disease (PD) is a brain disorder that causes tremors and problems moving.
Spasticity is when your muscles tighten without control.
A seizure is abnormal electrical activity in the brain. When 2 or more seizures occur, it is considered a seizure disorder, also known as epilepsy. While there are many d
A hematoma is a collection of blood. A subdural hematoma (SDH) happens in the space between the covering of brain (the dura) and the brain. This pool of blood can put pre
Central cord syndrome (CCS) is a type of incomplete spinal cord injury. CCS is marked by damage to the nerve fibers that bring messages from the brain to the body. This c
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is the growth of bone in places where it’s not supposed to be. It can happen anywhere in the body. The hip, knees, shoulders, and elbows are
Receptive aphasia is a language disorder that involves difficulty understanding spoken or written language. This fact sheet focuses on alexic anomia. Alexic anomia happen
Sulforaphane is a chemical found in broccoli sprouts, as well as other cabbage-family vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, and kale. Some
This collection focuses on conditions related to skin and subcutaneous tissue.These comprehensive and concise factsheets are physician-reviewed and reflect the most curre
This collection focuses on symptoms and signs of ill-defined conditions.These comprehensive and concise factsheets are physician-reviewed and reflect the most current, ev
This collection focuses on conditions related to the skeletal and muscular systems.These comprehensive and concise factsheets are physician-reviewed and reflect the most
This collection focuses on conditions associated to the nervous system and sense organs.These comprehensive and concise factsheets are physician-reviewed and reflect the
This collection focuses on conditions related to injuries and poisoning.These comprehensive and concise factsheets are physician-reviewed and reflect the most current, ev