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Reducing Your Risk of Parkinson Disease
Because researchers have such a limited understanding of the cause of Parkinson disease, there are no current guidelines to reduce your risk of developing it.
Some studies have suggested that certain factors can lower your risk of Parkinson disease. Examples include:
- Having a higher caffeine intake
- Having a higher intake of vitamin E and nuts
- Having a higher intake of unsaturated fatty acids
- Using of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Eating a Mediterranean diet, which includes plant foods (for example, fruits, vegetables, grains, beans, seeds), olive oil, and fish
- Regularly engaging in moderate to vigorous exercise
However, these were observational studies. They do not prove a cause and effect relationship for preventing Parkinson disease. Talk to your doctor before making any changes to your diet or taking any new medication. The side effects may outweigh any potential benefits.
Camdelacreu J. Parkinson disease and Alzheimer disease: environmental risk factors. Neurologia. 2014;29(9):541-549.
De Lau LM, Bornebroek M, Wittemen JC, Hofman A, Koudstaal PJ, Breteler MM. Dietary fatty acids and the risk of Parkinson disease: the Rotterdam Study. Neurology. 2005;64(12):2040-2045.
NINDS Parkinson's disease information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/parkinsons%5Fdisease/parkinsons%5Fdisease.htm. Updated July 26, 2016. Accessed November 29, 2016.
Parkinson disease. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115172/Parkinson-disease. Updated November 14, 2016. Accessed November 29, 2016.
Parkinson disease. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/neurologic-disorders/movement-and-cerebellar-disorders/parkinson-disease. Updated September 2015. Accessed November 29, 2016.
Parkinson's disease. American Association of Neurological Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.aans.org/en/Patient%20Information/Conditions%20and%20Treatments/Parkinsons%20Disease.aspx. Accessed November 29, 2016.
4/8/2011 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115172/Parkinson-disease: Sofi F, Abbate R, Gensini GF, Casini A. Accruing evidence on benefits of adherence to the Mediterranean diet on health: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;92(5):1189-1196.
6/17/2011 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T164931/Mediterranean-diet : Xu Q, Park Y, Huang X, Hollenbeck A, Blair A, Schatzkin A, Chen H. Physical activities and future risk of Parkinson disease. Neurology. 2010;75(4):341-348.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 11/2016
- Update Date: 05/20/2015