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by EBSCO Medical Review Board

Conditions InDepth: Parkinson Disease

Parkinson disease is a movement problem of the brain and spinal cord. It worsens over time. Hallmark problems are shaking, stiffness, balance problems, and slowed movements.
The Central Nervous System
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Parkinson disease happens when there is a breakdown of nerve cells in part of the brain. It is not known why this happens. It may be due to genes, the environment, or both. The nerve cells cannot make dopamine, a chemical that helps regulate movement.
What are the risk factors for Parkinson disease?What are the symptoms of Parkinson disease?How is Parkinson’s disease diagnosed?What are the treatments for Parkinson disease?Are there screening tests for Parkinson disease?What can I do to reduce my risk of Parkinson disease?What questions should I ask my doctor?Where can I get more information about Parkinson disease?


Homayoun H. Parkinson Disease. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Sep 4;169(5):ITC33-ITC48.
Parkinson disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/parkinson-disease. Updated October 4, 2019. Accessed February 24, 2020.
Parkinson disease. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/neurologic-disorders/movement-and-cerebellar-disorders/parkinson-disease. Updated December 2018. Accessed February 24, 2020.
Parkinson's disease. American Association of Neurological Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.aans.org/en/Patient%20Information/Conditions%20and%20Treatments/Parkinsons%20Disease.aspx. Accessed February 24, 2020.
Parkinson's disease information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/All-Disorders/Parkinsons-Disease-Information-Page. Updated August 28, 2019. Accessed February 24, 2020.

Revision Information

  • Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Rimas Lukas, MD
  • Review Date: 11/2019
  • Update Date: 01/26/2021