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What is This Diet?
A low-fiber/low-residue diet limits how much dietary fiber and residue-providing food you eat. Dietary fiber is a type of carbohydrate in plants. Your body can't process it. Residue is the undigested part of food that makes up stool. Eating less lowers how much food passes through the large intestine.
Why Should I Follow This Diet?
Fiber is in plant-based foods such as fruits, veggies, grains, and legumes. You can still eat some foods with fiber, but high-fiber foods need to be limited. Ask your doctor or a dietitian how many grams you can have each day.
To lower residue, you will need to limit foods that have fiber, milk and milk products, and caffeine. You can have two cups of milk or milk products per day. You may need to stay away from milk if you are lactose intolerant.
You won't be able to eat some healthful foods. So this diet may not meet all of your needs. Ask your doctor or dietitian if you should take vitamins.
|Food Group||Eat This..||Don't Eat This...|
|Meats and Beans||
Salad dressings with seeds
|Fats and Sweets||
Candy, cakes, cookies, and other baked goods made with whole grains, seeds, nuts, coconut, or dried fruit
Read food labels:
- Look for items made with refined flour.
- Do not choose whole grain items.
- Do not choose foods with the word “whole” at the top of the item list (like whole-wheat flour).
- Take off the skins of fruits and veggies before you cook them.
- Limit fatty foods. They can increase residue.
- Work with a dietitian to make a meal plan.
American Society for Nutrition
Eat Right—Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of Canada
Dietitians of Canada
Nutrition care manual. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics website. Available at: http://www.nutritioncaremanual.org. Accessed December 5, 2018.
Irritable bowel syndrome: dietary management. EBSCO Nursing Reference Center website. Available at: https://www.ebscohost.com/nursing/products/nursing-reference-center. Updated October 12, 2018. Accessed December 5, 2018.
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review BoardDianne Scheinberg Rishikof MS, RD, LDN
- Review Date: 12/2018
- Update Date: 12/05/2018