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Other Treatments for Celiac Disease
Managing Nutritional Deficiencies
Damage to the intestine can make it hard to absorb nutrients from food. Nutrition and vitamin supplements may be needed if:
- There is severe damage to the intestines
- Intestines do not heal rapidly
Low levels of nutrients can cause a wide range of health issues. For example, low levels of calcium can cause a loss of bone density.
Supplemental Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamins and mineral supplements may be needed while the small intestine recovers. Supplements may include:
- Ferrous sulfate—iron
- Folic acid
- Calcium—to preserve bone density
- Multivitamins, especially vitamins A, D, E, K, and various B vitamins
Less often, damage may be severe enough to cause life-threatening complications. In this case, an IV may be needed to deliver nutrition. A gluten-free diet can be started once the intestines have recovered enough.
Celiac disease. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114570/Celiac-disease. Updated January 10, 2018. Accessed February 14, 2018.
Celiac disease. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/gastrointestinal-disorders/malabsorption-syndromes/celiac-disease. Updated May 2016. Accessed February 14, 2018.
Jamma S, Rubio-Tapia A, Kelly CP, et al. Celiac crisis is a rare but serious complication of celiac disease in adults. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2010;8(7):587-590.
Treatment for celiac disease. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/celiac-disease/treatment. Updated June 2016. Accessed February 14, 2018.
Vitamins & supplements. Celiac Disease Foundation website. Available at: https://celiac.org/live-gluten-free/glutenfreediet/vitamins-and-supplements. Accessed February 14, 2018.
Waheed N, Cheema HA, Suleman H, et al. Celiac crisis: a rare or rarely recognized disease. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2016;28(4):672-675.
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 12/2017
- Update Date: 02/14/2018