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Risk Factors for Chronic Kidney Disease
A risk factor is something that raises the chances of getting a health problem. A person can get chronic kidney disease (CKD) with or without the ones listed below. The chances of getting CKD are greater in people who have many.
CKD is more common in people who are 65 years of age and older. It is also more common in people who are Black. This is because they are more likely to have other health problems that lead to CKD, such as diabetes.
Other things that may raise the risk are:
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is another common cause of CKD. It happens when the force on the blood vessel walls is too high. Over time, this harms the kidneys. CKD can also cause high blood pressure.
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polycystic kidney disease is when many fluid-filled cysts form in the kidneys. This damages the kidneys. It is caused by a faulty gene, so it is more common in people who have other family members who have had it.
Chronic kidney disease. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/chronic-kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease. Accessed April 6, 2022.
Chronic kidney disease. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease-ckd. Accessed April 6, 2022.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD). Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: https://familydoctor.org/condition/chronic-kidney-disease-ckd. Accessed April 6, 2022.
Overview of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/overview-of-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-in-adults. Accessed April 6, 2022.
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD
- Review Date: 11/2021
- Update Date: 04/07/2022